The committee is proud to announce our accepted posters for this year’s conference.
Posters will be presented and our researchers will answer questions:
Friday Morning 7:30am-8:30am
Friday Evening Cocktail Hour 5:15pm – 6:15pm
Saturday Morning 7:30am – 8:30am
A self-control perspective on resisting sexual temptations
Amir Ghoniem, Ph.D (c), University of Trier, Appalachian State University
Felix-Nicolai Mueller, Ph.D. (c), University of Trier
Background It was a long issue why people often act in a self-destructive manner like having unprotected sex. Many believed that these individuals lack motivation or information and therefore health promoting interventions should provide more information and increase motivation. Dual-process theories of self-regulation nevertheless, suggest that these interventions only tap into reflective processes of behaviors and neglect another source of behavior. Theoretical Perspective For example Strack and Deutsch’s (2004) dual process model suggests that behavior is regulated by a reflective and an impulsive system. Providing information and increasing motivation does strengthen reflective processes but neglects our more emotional and impulsive source of behavior. Research has shown that reflective processes, e.g. explicit attitudes, restraining standards, deliberations, tend to predict behavior if cognitive resources are available (Friese et. al, 2008). Impulsive processes consist of automatic evaluations and of automatic approach-avoidance tendencies (Hofmann et. al, 2009). Research has shown that the relative weight of reflective and impulsive processes on behavior depends on dispositional and situational variables (Hofmann et. al, 2009). As dispositional variables working memory capacity and trait self-control has been postulated (Hofmann et. al, 2009). Scoring high on these variables strengthens the influence of reflective processes on behavior and thus reduces the influence of impulsive processes. Nevertheless, situational variables can shift the influence of reflective processes towards impulsive processes and make us vulnerable for impulsive action tendencies. It has been shown that alcohol consumption; low self-control resources, low cognitive capacity and being reminded by ones’ own mortality, increases the impact of impulsive processes (Hofmann et. al, 2009; Friese & Hofmann, 2008). Significance to the Field: These findings suggest that interventions must focus on both, strengthening reflective processes and weakening impulsive processes to promote healthy sexual behaviors. New interventions aiming at changing impulsive processes are discussed.
Dysfunctional Sexual Beliefs: Differences between East Asian and Euro Caucasian Men
Heather Morton, B.Sc., University of British Columbia
Boris Gorzalka, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
Background: Previous research suggests that beliefs about sexuality play a role in sexual functioning. Research has also found that East Asians and Caucasians differ across many aspects of sexual functioning. There has been minimal research however, examining sexual beliefs that may be associated with these differences. This study examined differences in dysfunctional sexual beliefs held by East Asians and Caucasians. The relationship between beliefs and aspects of sexual functioning was also investigated. Method: Caucasian (n = 32) and East Asian (n = 62) Canadian male undergraduates completed the Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire, the Vancouver Index of Acculturation, and the International Index of Erectile Function. Results: East Asian men had a significantly greater endorsement of beliefs relating to sexual conservatism, female sexual power, and sex as an abuse of a man”s power than Caucasian men. Significant positive correlations among East Asian men were found between heritage culture and “macho” beliefs. Significant negative correlations were found in East Asian men between sexual conservatism and several sexual functioning variables including erectile function and orgasmic function, (where higher scores indicate better sexual functioning). “Macho” beliefs were negatively correlated with orgasmic function, and overall satisfaction in this group. Significant negative correlations were also found between beliefs regarding women’s sexual satisfaction and overall satisfaction and beliefs regarding sex as an abuse of a man’s power and orgasmic function. In the Caucasian group significant negative correlations were found between sexual conservatism and aspects of sexual functioning including erectile function, and intercourse satisfaction. Conclusion: East Asian men appear to endorse more dysfunctional sexual beliefs than Caucasian men. Several of these beliefs were significantly related to problems in sexual functioning. Differences in the beliefs held by East Asian and Caucasian men may be associated with the differences in sexual functioning that are frequently observed between these two groups.
Frequency of Masturbation and Partner Sex and Sexual Satisfaction in Newlywed Couples of Six Month
Yasaman Madanikia,B.A., Simon Fraser University
Kim Bartholomew, Ph.D., Simon Fraser University
Rebbeca Cobb, Ph.D., Simon Fraser University
Background. The majority of women and men in committed intimate relationships report masturbating at least on occasion (NSSHB; Herbenick et al., 2010; Reece et al., 2010). However, cultural scripts suggest that sexually satisfied individuals do not (or should not) masturbate. Some surveys show modest negative associations between frequency of men’s masturbation and partnered sex, but modest positive associations for women (e.g., NSSAL; Gerressu et al., 2008). Some data also suggest more frequent masturbation is associated with sexual problems and with a varied, open sex life. However, such findings are difficult to interpret because data are collapsed across age and relationship status. We examined links between masturbation and partnered sex in newlyweds over 6 months. Methods. Newlywed couples (N=180; husband M age=29, wife M age=28) provided information via online questionnaires about frequency of masturbation and partnered sex and sexual satisfaction approximately three months after marriage and six months later. Results. On average, husbands reported masturbating 3 times/month and wives once/month. For husbands, but not wives, frequency of masturbation was associated with partnered sex (r= .26, p < .05) and sexual satisfaction (r=-.30, p <.05). Similarly, for husbands but not wives, frequency of masturbation predicted declines in sexual satisfaction, but this association did not hold once initial sexual frequency was controlled. Conclusions. Partnered individualsâ€™ masturbation is normative. For wives, masturbation was unrelated to engagement in partnered sex or sexual satisfaction and thus appears to be an independent complement of partnered sex. For husbands, modest negative associations between masturbation and sexual frequency and satisfaction emerged; however, the majority of husbands with satisfying and active sex lives reported masturbating regularly. Thus, for husbands, masturbation appears to complement partnered sex and to compensate for less than ideal partnered sex. >
Postnatal Sexual Adjustments of “New” Gay Fathers: An Exploratory Research Study
Felix Clairvoyant, Ph.D., The Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality
An increasing number of same-sex couples are deciding to become parents. Research has indicated that same-sex parents have more in common than not with heterosexual parents. Although a significant body of literature exists about the impact of parenthood on the sexual behaviors and attitudes of heterosexual couples, no comparable research is available on gay fathers. This is the focus of the present study, which used the grounded theory method to describe how the role of parenthood impacted the sexuality of “new” gay parents during the postnatal period. A sample was obtained of five male same-sex couples who became parents via adoption or arrangements with surrogate mothers. Using a list of eight open-ended questions, members of each couple were interviewed separately, then together. The narratives of their postnatal experiences focused on many aspects of their lives, including their sexual relationship. Despite the small number of available participants, the findings suggest that the male same-sex couples in this sample and first-time heterosexual parents from other studies do not differ significantly in the way their sexuality is affected during the first year of parenthood. Further qualitative and quantitative studies with more participants are needed to support this conclusion.